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Under the chairmanship of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the Union Cabinet has approved the implementation of Shahpurandi Dam Project, Punjab on Ravi river today.

Via:dnaindia.com

Central assistance for this is Rs. 485.38 crores (for irrigation component) will be provided in five years from 2018-19 to 2022-23.

The implementation of this project will help reduce the water of the Ravi river, which is currently flowing towards Pakistan through MadhopurWedWorks. This decision came after the Pulwama attack, where the militant of JMB militant groups killed 40 CRPF personnel.

Union Water Minister Nitin Gadkari announced the decision for the first time in a public meeting and gave more details about it on Twitter.

According to the official release, on completion of the project, irrigation capacity of 5,000 hectares in Punjab state and 32,173 hectares in Jammu and Kashmir state will be constructed.

For the assistance of the 99 PMKSY for the central assistance for the Shahpurkandi dam project, the existing system will be built through NABARD. -Atti projects under LTIF

In addition to the existing monitoring mechanism for projects by the Central Water Commission, members, together with a committee headed by the Central Water Commission and the concerned Chief Engineers of Punjab and Jammu & Kashmir and other relevant officers, formed to monitor/monitor the implementation of the project. Will be done.

The MoWR, RD & GR Committee on Advisory Irrigation, Flood Control and Multipurpose Projects, the second revised cost estimate is about Rs. Accepted in At its 138th meeting held on 31.10.2018, 2715.70 million (February 2018 price level).

This project will be implemented by the government. With central assistance of Punjab Rs. The project of 485.38 crores will be completed by June 2022.

The water of three rivers flowing in Pakistan, which has the complete right of India under the Indus Water Treaty, will be turned towards the Yamuna river, Union Water Resources Minister Nitin Gadkari on Thursday said the background of anger in India about the Pulwama terror attack Said against them.

The bilateral treaty signed in 1960 governs the rights of India and Pakistan on three of the six common rivers, respectively. According to the agreement, India has complete authority over Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej rivers, while Pakistan has complete authority over Jhelum, Chenab, and Sindhu.

“After partition, three rivers were divided between India and Pakistan. The three rivers which had the authority of India, their water was going to Pakistan. We have built projects after which the water of these rivers will be diverted towards the Yamuna river. Once this happens, Yamuna will have more water, “Gadkari said in a program here on Thursday.

Also Read: After the Pulwama attack: farmers stopped export, in tomato, tomatoes sold out to Rs 180 / kg

His statement has come at a time when India is looking for alternatives to “penalize” Pakistan for the February 14 Pulwama terror attack in which 40 CRPF personnel were killed. The suicide bomb attack was claimed by the Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) terrorist organization, which is located in Pakistan and supported by the Pakistani establishment.

Later, he said on Twitter, “Our government has decided to shut down our share of water which flows in Pakistan, we will draw water from the Eastern rivers and supply it to our people in Jammu and Kashmir and Punjab.

Has been built. ” The river Ravi was started in Shahpur-Kandi. Apart from this, the UJH project will collect water from our part for use in Jammu and Kashmir and the remaining water will flow to 2 other Ravi-BEAS links which will provide water to other basin states. All the above projects have been announced National Projects. ”

1. Gadkari later tweeted in detail on his speech:-

Gadkari said, “Our government has decided to discontinue our share of the water which flows in Pakistan. We remove the water from the eastern rivers, and it will supply our people in Jammu and Kashmir and Punjab. Began construction of dam It is done.”

Khedi on Shahpur-Ravi River Apart from this, the UJH project will collect our share of water for use in Jammu and Kashmir and the remaining water will be supplied with 2 Ravi-BEAS links to provide water to other basin states. All the above projects have been declared National Projects. ”

2. Dismissing Gadkari’s announcement:-

Pulwama Attack
Via:dnaindia.com

India would like to make things difficult for Pakistan without violating the 1960s treaty norms. So much water that was wasted and just flushed in Pakistan and legally is of India will now be used for many projects in India. It caters to two objectives: it will promote several hydroelectric projects in this area. Extra water can be used during the drought period. And it will also push the Pakistan government forward.

At present, some water from the river Ravi is going through Madhopur Headworks to Pakistan, whereas in Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir it is necessary for use. The implementation of the project will reduce such waste of water.

On completion of the project, additional irrigation potential of 5000 hectares in Punjab state and 32173 hectares in Jammu and Kashmir state will be created.

Apart from this, water being released to provide irrigation in 1.18 lakh hectare area under the UBDC system in Punjab will be efficiently managed/regulated through this project and will benefit from irrigation in the area. Upon completion, Punjab will also be able to produce 206 MW of hydropower generation.

The remaining cost of the work component of Shahpurandi dam project is Rs. 1973.53 crores (Irrigation component: 564.63 crores, Power component: 1408.90 crores.) Out of this 485.38 crores will be provided as central assistance.

In Punjab, 5000 hectares of land will be provided irrigation and 32172 hectares of land in Jammu and Kashmir. Implementation of the scheme will create 6.2 lakh man-days for unskilled workers, 6.6 lakh man-days for semi-skilled and 1.67 lakh man-days employment for skilled workers.

Also Read: Lok Sabha 2019: BJP to 25 seats, Shiv Sena 23 seats in pre-election alliance in Maharashtra

3. After the cancellation of MFN status, India imposes customs duty on all imported goods to 200%

Pulwama Attack
Via:dnaindia.com

After the Pulwama terror strike on Saturday, after the cancellation of the status of ‘Favorite Fan’, the customs duty on all imported goods from Pakistan was 200 percent.

While taking strong economic action against Pakistan after the Pulwama terror attack, India increased customs duty on all goods imported from neighboring countries to 200 percent, including fresh fruits, cement, petroleum products, and mineral ores.

This decision will greatly reduce Pakistan’s exports to India, which was equivalent to the US $ 488.5 million (about Rs 3,482.3 crore) in 2017-18, because of this there will be a huge increase in the prices of its goods here.

Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said, “India has withdrawn the status of MFN (the most preferred nation) to Pakistan after the Pulwama incident. Extending the original customs duty on all goods exported from Pakistan to India by 200 percent Has been done.” A tweet

The two main commodities imported from Pakistan are fruits and cement, on which the current customs duty is 30-50% and 7.5%, respectively.

Official sources said that to cut the import duty by 200 percent, it means that there is a ban on imports from Pakistan.

India on Friday gave Pakistan the status of MFN after the Pulwama terror attack. The country called for a safety exception block of the World Trade Organization (WTO) to withdraw the situation. Both countries are members of this organization.

India can also restrict the trade of certain goods and impose port-related restrictions on Pakistani goods.

Items exported to India include fresh fruits, cement, petroleum products, bulk mineral and ores, finished leather, processed minerals, inorganic chemicals, cotton raw, spices, wool, rubber products, alcoholic beverages, medical equipment, marine goods, plastic Are. Dyes and sporting goods.

India returned the MFN status to Pakistan in 1996, but the neighboring country did not take it back. Under the MFN treaty, a WTO member country is bound to deal with other business nations in a non-discriminatory manner, especially in relation to customs and other charges.

In 2012, Pakistan had committed to granting MFN status to India, but later it was withdrawn due to domestic opposition. Instead of MFN, Pakistan said that it was working on granting India the status of non-discriminatory market access (NDMA) status, but it was not declared as well.

Total Indo-Pak trade increased marginally to the US $ 2.41 billion in 2017-18, compared to the US $ 2.27 billion in 2016-17. India imported goods of US $ 488.5 million in 2017-18 and exported goods worth 1.92 billion US Dollars.

During April-October 2018-19, India’s exports to Pakistan amounted to 1.18 billion US dollars, while imports were the US $ 338.66 billion. India mainly exports raw cotton, cotton yarn, chemical, plastic, man-made yarn and colors to Pakistan.

At least 40 CRPF personnel were killed and five were injured in Jammu’s most fatal terrorist attacks on Thursday when a suicide bomber from Jaish-e-Mohammad attacked a vehicle carrying 100 kilograms of explosives in the district of Pulwama.

4. Background of the Water Treaty:-

Pulwama Attack
Via:dnaindia.com

Indus Water Treaty was signed between India and Pakistan in 1960 for Indus Water Sharing. According to the treaty, India had the full right to use water from three eastern rivers like Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej.

Currently, some water from the river Ravi is going to Mashropurwadworks via Pakistan. The implementation of the project will reduce such waste of water.

In January 1979, a bilateral agreement was signed between Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir. According to the agreement, the construction of the Ranjit Sagar Dam (Thein Dam) and Shahpurkandi Dam was to be constructed by the Punjab Government. The Ranjit Sagar dam was started in August 2000. Shahpurkandi dam project is proposed on Ravi river, 11 d / km of Ranjit Sagar and 8 km / h of Madhopur Head Works.

The project was initially approved by the Planning Commission during November 2001 and was included under the Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Scheme (AIBP) of this Ministry for financing its irrigation component.

The revised cost of Shahpurkandi Dam National Project was made by the Advisory Committee of MoWR, RD & GR on August 24, 2009. Central assistance of Rs. 2285.81 crore 26.04 crore rupees were released from the year 2010-2011.

However, due to lack of funds from the government, the work could not make much progress. For the electricity component of Punjab and later on inter-state issues with Jammu and Kashmir.

A series of meetings was conducted in bilaterally as well as in government. At the level of India In the end, an agreement was reached between the Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir states under the aegis of MoWR, RD & GR in New Delhi on 8th September 2018.

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